Phyllostachys - Bamboo
DESCRIPTION: This group of Bamboos is native to the Himalayas and eastern Asia. They produce long, graceful branches and grow up to a height of 25 feet. These Bamboos can be grown outdoors in the mild regions of North America. Bamboos need to be grown in moist soil at all times, especially during dry periods; therefore, they are great for planting near stream and riversides and in wetlands. P. aurea, the Golden Bamboo, has compact stands of yellowish stems. P. niger, the Black-jointed Bamboo, has dark brown or almost black canes and small, bright green leaves. Its variety Boryana has purple-specked stems. These Bamboos can be used for making plant stakes and the ripened stems are used for making furniture and building purposes.
POTTING: Grow them in rich, moist soil that isn't too heavy. They should never be allowed to become dry and they need shelter from cold winds. During the spring they aren't as lush looking so it is advisable to plant them away from spring flowering plants to prevent detracting from their beauty. They will become very handsome plants the rest of the year. In the spring, before new shoots begin to grow, the oldest canes or those with dying tops, should be cut out. The plants should be washed off with the hose to remove dirt. A top-dressing of well-decayed manure, or a complete fertilizer and mulch of compost or peat moss should be applied at this time.
PROPAGATION: When new shoots reach 2 inches in length, they may be transplanted. These plants may also be divided and planted in containers filled with loam, peat moss and sand and set in a greenhouse until they start to grow actively. Long shoots may also be set in moist peat moss and sand or in sand under glass. New plants will probably grow from the buds near the base of the stem, though this isn't the best method. Bamboos die a year or two after flowering, though this is only every 30 to 40 years. At that time, seeds should be saved. The best method of propagation, however, is to divide the clumps of canes that grow from the base in the spring.
P. bambusoides & var. Castilloni;
P. niger & var. Boryana, Henonis;
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