Lychnis - Alpine Catchfly, Arctic Catchfly, Cuckoo Flower, Flower Of Jove, Jerusalem Cross, Maltese Cross, Ragged Robin, Rose Campion
DESCRIPTION: This group of perennials, annuals and biennials are found wild in the North Temperate and Arctic zones. These plants are grown for their pretty flowers. The height ranges from 1 to 4 feet among the different varieties. L. viscaria, the Alpine Catchfly, is an erect growing perennial found on dry, rocky hills and cliffs from Europe to western Asia. The green, oval- to lance-shaped leaves are sticky-hairy beneath. In early summer, a profusion of small, sticky, star-shaped flowers are borne in thick, upright spikes; they are bright reddish-purple. L. coronaria has oval- to lance-shaped, silvery-gray leaves, which are very fuzzy. It has tons of pretty, single flowers in open, gray-stemmed sprays throughout the summer. The colors range from bright magenta-pink to rose-crimson. This perennial is found naturally from southeast Europe to Iran and Turkestan. L. chalcedonica, the Jerusalem Cross or Maltese Cross, is a very attractive, hardy perennial. It is a native to Russia. In the summer, it bears large heads of vivid scarlet flowers. Other varieties will be mentioned below.
POTTING: Grow these plants in moderately fertile, well-drained soil in a sunny location. Some varieties may need to be staked and planted in a fairly sheltered spot.
PROPAGATION: These plants may be increased by division or seeds sown in light soil, in the spring or fall.
VARIETIES: L. chalcedonica (Jerusalem Cross or Maltese Cross) & var. alba; L. Coronaria (Rose Campion); L. coronata; L. Floscuculi (Ragged Robin or Cuckoo Flower) & var. pleniflora; L. Flos-Jovis (Flower of Jove); L. alba (Evening Campion); L. dioica (Red or Morning Campion); L. alpina (Arctic Catchfly) & rosea, alba; L. Viscaria (Alpine Catchfly) & var. Splendens Plena; L. Haageana; L. fulgans; L. arkwrightii & var. Vesuvius.
Diamonds and Rubies Lychnis
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