Jacaranda - Green Ebony, Sharp-Leaved Jacaranda
DESCRIPTION: This tender tree is a native of South America. J. acutifolia (Green Ebony and Sharp-leaved Jacaranda) is a beautiful, decorative tree growing from 25 to 50 feet tall. This tree can be grown along streets or as lawn ornaments. This tree can only be grown in frost-free climates, or while it is small, in containers indoors. The Jacaranda will develop many trunks unless pruned to have only one while it is young. The pinnate leaves of this tree are feathery-looking. They grow from 11/2 to 2 feet long. They fall late in the year and are soon replaced by new leaves. In late spring and early summer the Jacaranda produces compact clusters of fragrant, 2-inch, blue flowers. The huge clusters may contain 40 to 90 blossoms. Once they've fallen, they clothe the ground attractively, since the color doesn't fade right away. They are followed by disk-shaped seedpods. They may be dried and used in arrangements.
POTTING: As mentioned before, this tree can only be grown in tropical, frost-free regions. They are liable to be injured if the temperature falls below 27º F. Jacarandas can be grown in full sun or light shade, but will do much better in a sunny spot. Grow them in sandy, acidic soil (pH 5.5. to 6.5) that has good drainage in a location sheltered from strong winds. Small trees can be grown in containers filled with equal parts of peat and loam with a liberal supply of sand added. The plant may be set outdoors during the summer and brought in before cool weather sets in. Young trees may be pruned in the spring in order to maintain a clear, single trunk, if wanted.
PROPAGATION: Seeds may be sown or cuttings may be inserted in a propagating case in July.
VARIETIES: J. acutifolia & var. alba (white flowers).
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