Botanical Words Alphabetical List - FL
FLABELLATE: Fan-shaped. Also flabelliform.
FLACCID: Lacking strength; weak.
FLAGELLUM: 1. A runner or stolon of a plant that roots and forms new plants at the nodes (i.e. the strawberry). 2. A young shoot or twig.
FLASH TAPE: A breeze-activated, metalized plastic tape that produces bursts of light in response to breezes; suspended over crops to scare away birds.
FLAT: A container for holding packs of plant starter cells. Also called seed flat.
FLEXUOUS: Wavy or zigzag.
FLOATING ROW COVER: This is a lightweight fiber sheet, water and air penetrable, that is placed over a row of plants for protection from heat, cold or insects.
FLOCCOSE: Covered with tufts of soft, woolly hairs.
FLOCCULATE: To clump together individual tiny soil particles.
FLOCCULOSE: Finely floccose. Also flocculous.
FLOCCUS: A small tuft of woolly hairs.
FLOOD IRRIGATION: A shallow flood of water over level soil.
FLORA: Plant life in general, often in contrast to fauna. The plants native to or adapted to a particular region, habitat, etc. or belonging to a particular period.
FLORAL: Containing, belonging to, or relating to a flower; pertaining to flowers in general; made of flowers.
FLORAL ENVELOPE: The perianth of a flower.
FLORESCENCE: Blooming; the unfolding of a flower; the state of being in bloom.
FLORESCENT: Being at the point or stage of florescence.
FLORET: A single flower in a head of many flowers.
FLORICULTURE: The cultivation of flowers or of flowering plants, usually commercially.
FLORICULTURIST: A person who specializes in growing flowers.
FLORIFEROUS: Flower-bearing, usually used to indicate profuse flowering.
FLORIFORM: In the form of a flower.
FLORIPAROUS: This pertains to plants that normally bear fruit but instead produce secondary flowers.
FLORIST: One who sells flowers and ornamentals.
FLORIST'S FLOWER VASE: A tapered metal bucket, slightly flared at the top, is used to hold cut flowers.
FLOSCULAR: Same as discoid, as applied to disk flowers in the family Compositae; composed of florets. Also flosculous, flosculose.
FLOWER: 1. The part of the plant that ordinarily contains the reproductive organs, which are usually surrounded by colorful petals and sepals. A flower containing only stamens, is male, or staminate; a flower containing only pistils, is female, or pistillate. When a flower contains both pistils and stamens it is called a bisexual, or perfect, flower; if it also has a corolla and calyx, it is called a complete flower. 2. Flower is also generally used to describe any blossom or inflorescence or any plant of which the blossom is the essential feature; a plant grown for its floral beauty.
FLOWER ARRANGEMENT: A combination of individual cut flowers to create an attractive decoration.
FLOWERET: A floret; sometimes refers to one of the segments of a cauliflower head.
FLOWER HEADS: A mass of small flowers or florets that together appear to form a single flower (e.g. Daisy); a form of inflorescence giving the effect of a single flower, consisting of a compact cluster of florets sessile upon the shortened summit of the axis.
FLOWER PRESS: A contraption in which flowers may be dried and preserved. A flower press consists of layers of cardboard and blotting paper sandwiched between two wooden boards, which are held together in the corners by adjustable screws.
FLOWER RING: A wire loop supported by stakes to prop and contain a cluster of weak-stemmed flowers such as bachelor buttons or campanulas.
FLOWER STALK: A peduncle or pedicel; the ordinarily leafless part of a stem or branch that bears a flower cluster or a single flower.
FLOWER SUPPORT: A stake, usually made of plastic coated wire, to prop or brace a single weak-stemmed plant such as lily or gladiolus. Also called loop stake.
FLUORESCENT-LIGHT GARDENING: The process of growing plants under artificial lights.
FLUORESCENT TUBE: A type of light bulb that emits ultraviolet light. Fluorescent lamps are used to start and maintain plants indoors.
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